Diabetes: Reasons why it's becoming a major health problem in India, steps for prevention


Diabetes is now considered an emerging global epidemic with the disease making a steep rise in the number of cases worldwide.
In India, the trend is overwhelming as the country is home to more than 60 million adults with diabetes - about 7.8% of the population - of which more than 30 million are undiagnosed or untreated, thus increasing the risk of developing complications and premature mortality.
Most people with diabetes aren't aware that they have the condition because very often individuals do not develop the characteristic symptoms even when their blood sugar levels are in the diabetic range. This makes it difficult to detect the disease by means of typical symptoms alone. The common signs and symptoms of diabetes are excessive thirst, excessive hunger and frequent urination. The person may also feel weak and exhausted, however, these symptoms are associated with severe diabetes.
High genetic susceptibility and rapid change in lifestyle are some main reasons why diabetes is becoming a major problem in India. Recent studies have shown that the prevalence of diabetes in India is as high as 12 to 18% of the adult population especially in urban areas.
Making lifestyle changes is a crucial step in diabetes prevention as well management. These steps include -
Eating a healthy diet – fruits, veggies, whole grains and fiber.
Being physically active
Maintaining a healthy weight
Getting regular check-ups
Knowing your risks and taking actions
Taking medicines as prescribed by your doctor.
While diabetes can't be cured, individuals can lead a healthy, normal life when the blood sugar is kept under control. And the good thing is that diabetes can be controlled. So start taking these healthy steps today.